The 20th Century: 1930 to 1939


Duke University Hospital begins a three-year nursing diploma program. Nursing students may earn a baccalaureate degree by taking two additional years of general education courses at Duke University.  Duke University School of Nursing offers advanced training in anesthesia, the first nurse anesthesia program in North Carolina.

In 1931 the Duke Endowment studied hospital schools of nursing in hospitals that averaged fewer than 20 patients a day.  They found that those schools were unable to provide a professional education for nurses and that nursing students were sometimes used for cheap labor.

 Newspaper article from the Asheville Citizen Times, August 16, 1931, p. 18 describing the NCSNA Annual Convention:





The Charlotte Observer
Charlotte, North Carolina

06 Dec 1931, Sun  •  Page 1


 NC Board or Nursing guidelines for Schools of Nursing.

J,A, Tinsley wrote a very interesting article:  A Study of Maternal and Child Welfare Work in North Carolina published in the J Natl Med Assoc. 1932 Jan-Mar; 24(1): 13–15.


The federal government’s response to the human suffering experienced during the Great Depression, called the New Deal, included funding public health nursing programs. In NC the number of public health nurses increased from 65 in 1933 to 297 in 1940. These new nurses, using funds from the WPA, ERA and the Social Security Act performed many valuable functions including inspection and referral of school children, home health care and immunization clinics for thousands of North Carolinians during this time. The benefits of public health nursing were evident to all. Article about Nursing in New Deal Programs in NC.




The Daily Times-News
Burlington, North Carolina
06 Oct 1933, Fri  •  Page 12


In 1977, to honor the 75th anniversary of the North Carolina Nurse Association, an ad hoc committee of the NCNA members wrote a booklet, Highlights in Nursing in North Carolina 1935-1976 to update Wyche's book with a year by year account of events of significance to nursing in North Carolina.

Many "New Deal" agencies funded nurses in NC during the Great Depression.  This book, "Emergency Relief in NC" details many of those programs and provides reports and other primary sources for information about this time.  Also see "We met the challenge: Nursing in NC in the New Deal"  by Pollitt and Reese

Margaret Dolan was born in Lillington, NC. She went on to chair the Department of Nursing at the UNC School of Public Health, and serve as President of the NCSNA (1957-1959), the American Journal of Nursing Company (1960), American Nurse Association (1962-64), National Health Council (1969-1970), and the American Public Health Association (1973 until her death that year).

1935 program of the annual meeting of the NC State Colored Nurse Assoc.



North Carolina became the first state to offer family planning/birth control services through its public health agencies and to permit public health nurses to advise clients about methods of contraception. Frances R. Pratt, RN was hired by the NC Board of Health to organize and oversee the program.

Rules for registration with the Winston-Salem Nurses Registry (for White nurses).



The North Carolina State Nurses Association (NCSNA) opened its first state headquarters in Raleigh. Nurse Edna Heinzerling was appointed the first Executive Secretary of the organization.