The 20th Century: 1920 to 1929

1920

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The Daily Advance
Elizabeth City, North Carolina
14 Feb 1920, Sat  •  Page 3

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The Elkin Tribune
Elkin, North Carolina
18 Nov 1920, Thu  •  Page 2

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Brevard News
Brevard, North Carolina
05 Nov 1920, Fri  •  Page 1

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Winston-Salem Journal
Winston-Salem, North Carolina
21 Jun 1920, Mon  •  Page 8



 1921

Carrie Early Broadfoot of Fayetteville organized the North Carolina Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NCACGN, later renamed the North Carolina Association of Negro Registered Nurses), an affiliate of the national organization. Meetings were held in both Winston Salem and Raleigh in 1923 and over 35 nurses joined the organization. Until this organization merged with the North Carolina State Nurses Association in 1949, NCACGN provided leadership opportunities, professional development and networking for North Carolina’s African American nurses.  African American nurses played a major part in bringing public health services to under served communities (Click the back arrow on the ppt to get to the beginning).

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Brevard News
Brevard, North Carolina
05 Nov 1920, Fri  •  Page 1

 

1921

The Bureau of Maternity and Infancy is created and funded with federal dollars under the Sheppard Towner Act. Miss Rose Ehrenfeld was hired as the first state nursing supervisor of the Bureau. By the end of the decade there were 94 nurses employed by county health departments using these funds. The nurses made home visits and staffed maternity and new baby clinics in the local health departments.

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\The Wilmington Morning Star
Wilmington, North Carolina
03 Jul 1921, Sun  •  Page 12

 

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The Charlotte Observer
Charlotte, North Carolina
07 Sep 1922, Thu  •  Page 1


Early history of nursing in NC from the Ashevlle Citizen's Times:

 

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Early history of nursing in NC from the Ashevile Citizen's Times

 

1923

In 1923 a Rockefeller Foundation funded national study of nursing schools titled Nursing and Nursing Education in the United States, commonly known as the "Goldmark Report" advocated the upgrading and standardization of nursing school curricula in both the classroom and clinical setting.

Nurse Edith Redwine was hired as the first full time nursing instructor in the state at Watts Hospital School of Nursing in Durham, NC.

 

1924

Grace Hospital School of Nursing opens in Banner Elk, NC, the first nursing school in Appalachian NC.

Partial list pf public health nurses prior to 1925.

 

1924 to 1926

The Biennial Report of the NC State Board of Health of 1924-26 stated that midwives delivered more than 30% of babies in North Carolina and that more than 5,000 midwives were in active practice. That year also marked the adoption of Model County Midwife Regulations. Annual requirements to practice midwifery under the new law included an physical examination, inspection of the midwife's bag of supplies and instruction and demonstrations given by physicians or nurses about sanitation and techniques necessary for assisting in normal deliveries. An annual permit to practice midwifery was given to people who satisfied the law's requirements.

 

1925

1926nurses who passed the State Boards in 1926

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The Charlotte Observer
Charlotte, North Carolina
30 Nov 1926, Tue  •  Page 13

 

   1928

North Carolina adopted the Model County Midwife Regulations, requiring that all midwives receive instruction from physicians or nurses in order to receive a permit to practice. In 1930, the estimated number of lay midwives practicing in NC was 3,000, of which 2,200 held properly granted permits, by 1950 that number was down to 1,000.

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The Charlotte Observer
Charlotte, North Carolina

31 Mar 1929, Sun  •  Page 6

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 The Charlotte Observer
Charlotte, North Carolina
20 May 1928, Sun  •  Page 3

1929

A  North Carolina Board of Nurse Examiners report showing results for the annual state examination.

A list of  NC schools of nursing classified by average daily census.

Many textile mill owners developed "Company towns"  or "mill villages" and several hired public health nurses.  Here is a report by Hariette Herring about the state of health and nursing in Welfare work in mill villages published in 1929.  Chapter 8 is abouty health care, but nurses are mentioned in other chapters as well.

 

The Great Depression, 1929

In 1929 the Stock Market in the United States collapsed. This caused the worse economic depression the country has ever experienced. The federal government’s response to the human suffering experienced during the Great Depression included funding public health nursing programs and funding for nures wishing to continue their education to become certified as public health nurses. The number of public health nurses increased from 65 in 1933 to 297 in 1940. These new nurses, using funds from the New Deal sponsored programs such as the Works Progress Administration, Emergency Relief Administration and the Social Security Act, inspected school children, provided home health care and immunized thousands of North Carolinians during this time. The benefits of public health nursing were evident to all.