Cumberland County

County History: 
Quick Facts
People and Biographies
Notable individuals from nursing history.
  • Katie King (1940s): African-American nurse in the Cadet Nurse Corps during World War II. (Katie S. King in Cadet Nurse Corps uniform, 1944 [photograph] available through UNC Greensboro digital collections.)
  • Daryl Elder ( ): Nurse from Cumberland County who served during the first Gulf War.
  • Vernice Doris Ferguson (1928-2012): Ferguson was a nationally recognized and internationally respected nursing scholar and mentor, known especially for her work with cultural diversity. She was the nursing department head at the National Insitutues of Health Clinical Center for several years, then served as a nurse executive with the US Dept. of Veterans Affairs for twelve years. Ferguson held faculty appointments at several American universities, including the University of Wisconsin, the University of Illinois, Georgetown University and the University of Maryland. She was named a Living Legend of the American Academy of Nursing, was the second American named an honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Nursing in the United Kingdom, and she received several honorary doctorates.  She was president of ithe American Academy of Nusing, Sigma Theta Tau and the International Society of Nurses in Cancer Care.
  • Patricia D. Horoho (1960- ): Patricia D. Horoho is a retired United States Army lieutenant general who served as the 43rd Surgeon General of the United States Army and Commanding General of the United States Army Medical Command. She was the second female Nurse Corps officer to hold the title of Army surgeon general but the first to be appointed and hold the position for a full term. In 2016, she was inducted into the United States Army Women's Foundation Hall of Fame.
  • Elizabeth McMillan Thompson (1902-1982): Public health nurse from Cumberland County. An interview conducted with Thompson for Jane Phyler's, MSN, master's thesis in 1980 is available through UNC's Wilson Library digital collections.
Special Topics
Special topics and events from the county's nursing history.
  • Fort Braggis a military installation of the United States Army in North Carolina, and is one of the largest military installations in the world, with around 54,000 military personnel. It is located within Cumberland, Hoke, Harnett, and Moore counties and borders the towns of Fayetteville, Spring Lake, and Southern Pines.
Additional resources for further research.

Health Care Institutions

Articles and Publications

  • Clement, M. (n.d.). 100 years of caring: The history of Highsmith Hospital School of Nursing. Fayetteville, NC: Old Mountain Press.
  • Lambe, L. (1948). A student nurse looks at public health. The Health Bulletin, pp.7-9.
  • Pratt, F.R. (1940, September). Programs for Public Health Nurses in Birth Control Work. American Journal of Public Health, 30, pp.1096-1098.


Newspaper Clippings

  • 1963, Jun 30. Ida Austine BrackettThe Charlotte Observer, p.4. Charlotte, North Carolina. Memorial article for nurse Ida Brackett, a graduate of Shelby Hospital School of Nursing.
Compiled by: 
Phoebe Pollitt