Union County


Learn more about the history of nursing in Union County


See Edith Redwine in the Biography section of this website.

Edith W. Redwine was born in Union County in 1877.  She was a 1904 graduate of St. Peter’s Hospital School of Nursing in Charlotte, NC.  Redwine was in the group of the first five nurses in North Carolina to pass the licensing examination and become a Registered Nurse.  Soon after graduation she became the Nursing Superintendent of Mission Hospital, and then of the Biltmore Hospital in Asheville, NC.  In 1917, the North Carolina Board of Nursing Examiners hired Redwine as the inspector of Nursing Schools.  In this capacity, she conducted the first survey of nursing schools in the state.  She visited all 74 in operation at the time, and wrote a report that has become the basis for the accreditation standards still used today.   In 1923, Redwine became the first full time nursing faculty member in North Carolina at Watts Hospital School of Nursing in Durham, NC.  She was the founder and President of the North Carolina League for Nursing Education, and a member of the North Carolina Board of Nursing Examiners for many years.  In 1918, Redwine was appointed by Governor Bickett to a Special Committee to organize the North Carolina Hospital Association.  Redwine was a member of and held many offices in the North Carolina State Nurses’ Association (NCSNA), including that of vice president.  She was chairman of practically all the standing committees of the NCSNA, and took an active part in its affairs.  She was also a member of several other organizations such as the St. Peter’s Alumni association, American Nurses’ Association, and the American Red Cross Nursing service.  Redwine wrote several articles about nursing education, and nursing administration that were published in prestigious journals.  Redwine was on the nursing faculty at Grace Hospital School of Nursing in Banner Elk, NC.  During that time she died suddenly of a heart attack in 1939.  She was laid to rest in the family plot in Monroe, North Carolina.

  • Photograph of Red Cross nurses from Union County circa 1920.
  • Oral history with Mrs. Mabel Williams about racial discrimination at Ellen Fitzgerald Hospital in Monroe.
  • Daphine Doster Mastroianni, of Monroe, served in the U.S. Army Nurse Corps from
    1942 to 1945 as a surgical nurse stationed in New Zealand, Fiji, and India. While in the
    South Pacific, she became friends with Red Cross worker Joe Mastroianni. When the war
    ended, Mastroianni returned to his wife in New York. Doster returned to Arkansas and
    later to North Carolina, remaining single. In 1992, after Mastroianni’s wife died, he and
    Doster reconnected and married. They had seven wonderful years together before his
    1999 death.

 Information about the Ellen Fitzgerald Hospital estalished in 1921 for White citizens.


Information about Quality Hill Sanatorium, an African American Hospital in Monroe in the early 1900s. In 1913 there were 3 RN's employed by the hospital.  There is a picture of a nurse before 1930 standing on the hospital porch.  The 1930 census records a Registered Nurse, 23 year old Lillian Robertson, as a hospital nurse at Quality Hill.