Learn more about the history of nursing in Hoke County
Oral History of Doris Melvin, RN graduate of McCain Hospital School of Nursing, US Army Nurse
Carrie Early Broadfoot was born June 13, 1870 in Virginia, and educated at Frederick Douglass Memorial Hospital School of Nursing in Philadelphia. She moved to North Carolina in 1905 to become the Superintendent of Nurses at St. Agnes Hospital in Raleigh, the first hospital and nursing school for African Americans in the state. She joined the Red Cross and planned to go overseas during World War I. Instead she was directed to work at home to help control the influenza epidemic sweeping the country. In 1923, the state of North Carolina added a Negro Division to the State Sanatorium for tuberculosis patients in Hoke County. Broadfoot directed this Division until she had a stroke in 1943. After the stroke her health never recovered and she moved to Boston to live with her sister. She died on January 6, 1945. In addition to directing the nursing care at the Sanitarium, she opened one of the few nursing schools for African American women at the Sanatorium. Hundreds of African American nurses from the 1920s, 30s and 40s owe their education to Broadfoot's determination. In addition to directing and providing nursing care and nursing education, Broadfoot was a nursing leader. In 1920, she and four other North Carolina African-American nurses attended a meeting of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses in Washington, DC. In 1923, these five nurses founded the North Carolina Colored Graduate Nurses Association (later renamed the North Carolina Association of Negro Registered Nurses). Broadfoot served as its president for the next eight years. This professional organization continued until 1949, and then it merged with the North Carolina Nurses Association.
Schools of Nursing
- Information about the nursing schools for both white and African American students at the State Sanitarium in Hoke County 1938-1940.
Health Care Institutions
- Information about the State Saniatium in 1910 (page 21).
- 1920s photograph of nurses working at the State Sanitorium (MCCain Hospital)
- "Hoke ... County with public health problems". The Health Bulletin. June 1971 pp 12-14. Information and picture of Mrs. Myrtle Campbell, Hoke County's first public health nurse.
- Picture of the historical marker for the North Carolina Sanitarium in McCain, North Carolina.
- Information about the first state funded Tuberculosis Sanatorium in North Carolina.
- 1945 newspaper article about school health work in Raeford.
- Photograph located in the NC State Archives shows a formal portrait of Nurse Jean P. Blue, United States Army, in uniform. Blue served in World War One from Hoke County.
1940 US Census list of names of Registered Nurses (RNs) and Student Nurses (SNs) working and learning at the Negro Division of the State TB Sanatorium in Hoke County
Carrie Broadfoot, Superintendent
Alice Mae Perara
Sarah Louise McCoy