Hoke County


Learn more about the history of nursing in Hoke County

Oral History of Doris Melvin, RN graduate of McCain Hospital School of Nursing, US Army Nurse

Carrie Early Broadfoot was born June 13, 1870 in Virginia, and educated at 
Frederick Douglass Memorial Hospital School of Nursing in Philadelphia.  She 
moved to North Carolina in 1905 to become the Superintendent of Nurses at St.
 Agnes Hospital in Raleigh, the first hospital and nursing school for African
Americans in the state.  She joined the Red Cross and planned to go overseas
 during World War I.  Instead she was directed to work at home to help control the
 influenza epidemic sweeping the country.  In 1923, the state of North Carolina added a Negro Division to the State
Sanatorium for tuberculosis patients in Hoke County.  Broadfoot directed this 
Division until she had a stroke in 1943.  After the stroke her health never recovered and she moved to Boston to live with her sister.  She died on January 6, 1945.  In addition to
 directing the nursing care at the Sanitarium, she opened one of the few nursing
 schools for African American women at the Sanatorium.  Hundreds of African
 American nurses from the 1920s, 30s and 40s owe their education to Broadfoot's
In addition to directing and providing nursing care and nursing education, Broadfoot was a nursing leader.  In 1920, she and four other North Carolina
 African-American nurses attended a meeting of the National Association of 
Colored Graduate Nurses in Washington, DC.  In 1923, these five nurses founded 
the North Carolina Colored Graduate Nurses Association (later renamed the North 
Carolina Association of Negro Registered Nurses). Broadfoot served as its 
president for the next eight years.  This professional organization continued
 until 1949, and then it merged with the North Carolina Nurses Association.

Schools of Nursing

  • Information about the nursing schools for both white and African American students at the State Sanitarium in Hoke County 1938-1940.

Health Care Institutions


  • 1945 newspaper article about school health work in Raeford.
  • Photograph located in the NC State Archives shows a formal portrait of Nurse Jean P. Blue, United States Army, in uniform. Blue served in World War One from Hoke County.
  • 1940 US Census list of names of Registered Nurses (RNs) and Student Nurses (SNs) working and learning at the Negro Division of the State TB Sanatorium in Hoke County 


    Carrie Broadfoot, Superintendent

    Mary Powell

    Nannie Blue

    Edna Jones

    Ruth Faulkner

    Hattie Turnage

    Alice Mae Perara

    Phlay Frierson

    Student Nurses

    Maggie SHeridan

    Mable Davis

    Clair McNair

    Lucille Howard

    Naomi Taggert

    Lillian Currie

    Pauline Spain

    Jaunita Richardson

    Sarah Louise McCoy

    Mary Page

    Altha White

    Winnifred Whitehead

    Nezzie Flowers

    Mary Durensell

    Margaret Harper

    Ruth Muchison

    Leopald Marks