Learn more about the history of nursing in Haywood County
Quick Facts about Haywood County in Western NC
- 59,036 citizens (2010 Census)
- 553.69 square miles; 106.6 people per sq miles
- For more information, see the Haywood County, North Carolina website
People and Biographies
- An interview of Public Health nurse Ruybe Bryson was conducted by Nurse Jane Plyler for her Masters Thesis in 1980. Plylers' Masters Thesis and the original recordings can be found in the Southern Collection in Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Anderson, N. & Anderson, W. (1994). A heritage of healing: the medical history of Haywood County. Waynesville, NC: Waynesville Historical Society.
Some of the early (1910-1920) nurses mention in this book include:
- Emma Hayes at Clyde, Grace Kirby and Annie Love of Waynesville, Carrie Leopold ( a WWI veteran nurse), Dixie Lindsey and Sallie Hall of Beaverdam
"The history of public health in Haywood County " [videorecording] : interview with Ruybe Bryson available at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Health Sciences Library Educational Media Center.
Picture 5 is of an Emergency Relief Act (New Deal) nurse on a home visit to family with black water fever in Haywood County
Haywod County Heritage. (1994). Canton, NC: Haywood County Genealogical Society. This book decribes the work of Rev. Hannah Powel and the Universalist Friendly House MIssion which sponsored a community health nurse to work in the county.
Emma Justice (28-year-old practical nurse at Pigeon), Eve L. Justice (38-year-old prac tical nurse at Pigeon and sister to Emma Justice) Daisy Kinsland (Army nurse), Eula Paschali Keller (Army nurse), Ola McCurver (19-year-old student nurse lodging with Evelyn Abel in Way nesville), Jennie MacFayden (52-year-old private nurse in Waynesville), Elizabeth Mead (44-year old Waynesville nurse), Mattie H. Wilson (24-year old private nurse at Waynesville), Kate Rickards (Army and private nurse at Balsam and Canton), Billie Rickman (nurse for Dr. Pate at Clyde), Cordelia Smart (midwife and private nurse in Clyde), Bonnie Brendle Rayle (nurse at Haywood County Hospital), Sarah Jane Moody (practical nurse at Ivey Hill) and Ethel Hall (nurse at Beaverdam),
In the 1920s job opportunities for nurses grew as hospi tals, private nursing homes, sanitariums, plant medical facilities and other institu tions grew. During the1920s Miss Lunsford, a graduate of Memorial Mission Hospital in Asheville, was the nurse employed by Champion Fibre Company. She left Champion in 1927 to accept a position with Metro politan Life Insurance Company as a visiting nurse.120
Daisy E. Kinsland was born in the Bethel community and grad uated from Mission Hospital's nursing program. She became an Army nurse and served overseas dur ing World War I, retir ing in 1936 as a first lieutenant. She died in 1948 at Walter Reed Hospital in Washington, D. C.
Evelyn Abel Osborne served two terms on the Board of Directors for the North Carolina State Nurses Association. She also served on the Advisory Committee to the North Carolina Medical Care Commission, the Committee to Study Training and Licensing of Practical Nurses, the Board of the North Carolina State Hospital Association and was a member of tbe Florida State Nurses Association.
During the later part of the 1940s and into the early 1950s, Mrs. Osborne owned and operated The Retreat, a convalescent home in Waynesville. Her partner in The Retreat was Irene Wilson Rogers, Registered Nurse, whose experience included work at General and Marine Hospital at Owen Sound, Ontario, Canada. The convalescent facility catered to "those who need supervised diet and rest, convalescents requiring simple
New nurses in the county between 1910 and 1919 included Emma Haynes at Clyde; Grace Kerby at Waynesville; Annie Love at Waynesville; Carrie M. Heist Leopard, an Army nurse in France; Dixie Smith Lindsey; Sallie Ethel Hall in Beaverdam and Sara J. Moody, who was born during 1854 and was described as a midwife and practical nurse living at Dellwood.
By the 1920s a number of Haywood County women were nurses, and the 1920 census shows student nurses, practical nurses, private nurses and trained nurses. Nurses in Haywood County at the time of the census include Pauline Bell (26- · year-old Waynesville private nurse), Adelphia Bishop (49-year-old private nurse in Waynesville), Irene Campbell (19-year-old student nurse living with Evelyn Abel in Waynesville), Murhl Cabe (head nurse at Pigeon Street Hospital), Minnie Johnson (35-year-old Negro private nurse).
In June 1922 the Pigeon Street Hospital, also referred to as the County Hospital, ran a notice about "an opportunity for a number of bright girls to get in the Haywood County Hospital to receive proper training for the noble calling of caring for the sick." Local young women were promised pri ority in the selection process