Guilford County

County History: 
Quick Facts
People and Biographies
Notable individuals from nursing history.
  • Helen J. Henley (1920-1948): World War II nurse from Greensboro, NC. 2LT.
  • Mattie Donnell Hicks (1940s-1960s): World War II nurse and Korean War veteran.
  • Geneva Collin Hunt (1907- ):  Hunt was born in 1907 in Asheville. In 1929 she graduated from the St. Agnes Hospital School of Nursing. Later, she received a Rosenwald Scholarship to study hosptial administation at Johns Hopkins Hospital. From 1935 to 1948 she was Director of Nursing at L.Richardson Hosptial. In 1949 she becme a 1rst Lt in the US Army Nurse Corps at Walter Reed Army Hospital in Washington, D.C and later was in supervisory positions in Norfolk, Philadelphia and Welfare Island, NY.
  • Minella Dewey Shoffner Jones (1970s): Greensboro public health nurse. (An article about her career is available through Greensboro Public Health Nurse Retires. (1970, June). Tar Heel Nurse, p.29.)
  • Agnes Louise Kellam (1940s): Agnes Louise Kellam, a Knoxville General Hospital School of Nursing graduate (class of 1947), member of the WWII Cadet Nursing Corps, and retired Army Colonel was born in Guilford County.  Her tenant-farmer parents were killed in a car wreck when Agnes was 7, and she was raised by an older sister.  Agnes has fascinating stories about why she wanted to be a nurse, how the Cadet Corps was a golden opportunity, and all she saw in her military nursing career around the globe.  She saved patients with tetanus and gas gangrene.
  • Clara Jane Peck (1862-1926): First public health nurse in Greensboro.
  • Ernestine Brown Small (1960s): First African American teaching faculty member at UNC Greensboro and first African American President of NCNA.
  • May Greenfield Watson (1886-1958): World War I nurse from Kernersville, NC.
Additional resources for further research.

Health Care Institutions

Articles and Publications

  • Chavis, G. (2003, u.2015). Pay for nurses back in the 1920s differed depending on race. News & Record. Available online. Includes audio recording of article.
  • Elkins, W. (1969). The history of L. Richardson Memorial Hospital. Journal of the National Medical Assn, 61(3), pp.205-212. PMCID: PMC2611706. Nursing Supervisors and superintendents included Mrs J. Reid (first Director of Nurisng), 1927 -1928,  Ruby Woodbury (Scarlett) 1928-1934,  Geneva Collins (Hunt) 1935-1948 and Mrs. T.C. Cobb.  The first class graduated in 1930 and one graduate, Mrs. Lillie Forte Barber joined the Health Department upon graduation and stayed 38 years, until her death in 1968.
  • Sebastian, S.P. (1930). The L. Richardson Memorial Hospital. Journal of the National Medical Assn, 22(3), pp.142-144. PMCID: PMC2625256


Newspaper Clippings

Compiled by: 
Phoebe Pollitt