Craven County


Learn more about nursing history in Craven County


  • Information about Catholic Sisters who came to New Bern to nurse soldiers during the Civil War.
  • Charlotte Rhone, probably the first African American Registered nurse in NC and therefore the US registered in Craven County in June 1903.  She graduated from Freedman's Hospital, was an active member of the NC Negro Nurse Assn and active in many affairs of her community. Nurse Rhone was the only nurse from NC to attend the first meeting of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses in 1908, she was a charter member of this organization.Image result for Charlotte RhoneImage result for Charlotte Rhone
  • Bryant, Arabelle and Mary Barnwell. "Miss Charlotte Rhone: a Visionary for Our Times" Journal of the New Bern Historical Society (November 2007): 17-18.
  • Nurses in the 1916 Official City Directory of  New Bern (put the word "nurse" in the search box)
  • Nurse Eunice Barrows memories of St. Lukes Hospital were published in a June, 2008 article in the New Bern Sun Journal
  • Image result for "Eunice Barrow"
  • Sara Greene Shriner (1904-2003) papers are available to the OuterBanks History Center in Manteo. She was born in New Bern, North Carolina. She moved to the Washington, D. C. area in 1929 to attend the nursing program at Walter Reed Army Medical Center. After graduating in the early 1930s, she spent a decade working at Walter Reed, as well as taking private-duty jobs. Among the private-duty nursing jobs she took, was with The Lost Colony drama. During the 1960she became a volunteer nurse for the American Red Cross, often working at civil rights demonstrations and war protests. 
  •  Photographs of First Lieutenant Mary Edna Joyner of Dover, Craven County, as a nurse in the United States Army Nurse Corps during World War Two are located in the NC State Archives. Lieutenant Joyner enlisted in November, 1942 and served until February, 1946 in the Mediterrainean Theater. She was born on January 22, 1915 and died on October 14, 1993.
  •  Josephine Bradham Burton, the first Registered Nurse in NC and therefore in the US, was born in Craven County and, graduated from Philadephia Hopsital School of Nursing. She was living in New Bern when the 1903 nursing registration law passed and she was the first nurse to register on June 4th 1903.  Please see her entry in the biographies section of this website.
  • The Jean Tower Lassiter

    The Jean Tower Lassiter Scholarship was established by Gail L. Young and CL Lassiter in memory of their mother -- a public health nurse, captain in the Army Air Corps and pioneering environmentalist. Mrs. Lassiter was president of the North Carolina Public Health Association, an active member of the North Carolina Nurses Association, and a public health consultant throughout the state. She was also a beloved mentor, advising Future Nurses of America chapters and helping young people achieve their health care ambitions. A tireless advocate and champion for clean water, maternal and child health, and aid to migrant workers, she is remembered for the clinics she established to serve migrant workers and their children.

    Carolyn E. Alphin of Vanceboro -

    An educational nurse specialist at Vidant Medical Center, Alphin earned her bachelor's and master's degrees in nursing from East Carolina University. She has worked at Vidant Medical Center since 1986, serving in a variety of nursing and education roles in the women's center. From her work as a nurse caring for newborns and premature infants to educating other employees about the needs of patients in the women's center, Alphin is active in committees and research. She is a certified instructor for the American Heart Association and the Neonatal Resuscitation programs. She is a member of the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses and is active in community organizations in Craven County.

Schools of Nursing

  • Craven County Community College ADN program was one of the first in the state, starting in 1963.
  • Photograph collection at UNC that includes several photographs of St. Lukes Hospital from 1916 and one thought to be from Fair View Hospital: (not available online for viewing) 

Health Care Institutions

  • Information about Stewart Sanatorium in New Bern from the 1910 report of the NC Board of Public Charities, page 67.


Library of Congress photo captioned:

New Bern, N.C. Colored nurses issuing food after fire

Incomplete list of African American nurses who worked at Good Shepherd Hospital 1937-1966: Miss Rebecca Hennie, Miss M.L. Phillips, Mrs. V.C. Davis, Mrs. M. H. Skinner, Laura Moore, Doris Adams, Inez Dudley Frances, Parnelle Shaw. In the 1930s,  When the hosptial opened it had a White nursing supervisor:  Edith Anderson.

Memories of New Bern has a lot of  information about the early hospitals and some early nurses in Craven County.

Information about and a list of 44 "contract" nurses who worked at the New Bern Contraband Small Pox Hospital during the Civil War.

Article that mentions WWII Lt. Ethel Stanley of New Bern.

Scrapbook with many newspaper clippings about nurses in Craven County in the 1920s

Information from the 1916 City Directory for New Bern:

Student nurses at Fair  View Hospital

Britt Pauline

Ferrall Myrtle

Herring Ruth

Jai'uian Lena

Sheppard Eugenia

Bailey, Bessie


Student Nurses St. Lukes Hospital

Banconi Willie Lou

Bell Lila

Elkins Elizabeth

Christenburg Lola

Ellis Amelia

Singletary Celia

Tilley Lillian

Ward Lora

Wells Ella

Gibbs Virginia, school nurse

Trained Nurses

HoAvell Ella, widow of J H, trained nurse, res 32 George

Jarman Mary, nurse, res 200 Queen

Justice Louise E, trained nurse, res 148 Pollock

Parish Ella, trained nurse, res 74 Metcalf

Stanley Nettie, trained nurse 65 Broad, res same

Sultan Alfreda, trained nurse 97 Broad, res same

Tendall Juanita Mrs, trained nurse, res 115 Pollock

Nurses Home,  127 Broad St

Gibbs Virginia,

Hancock Cora

Howell Ella, 32 George

Jarman Mary, 200 Queen

Justice Louise E, 148 Pollock

Laws Margaret G, Fair View

Hospital Nurses
Parish Ella, 74 Metcalf

Stanley, Nettie, 65 Broad

Sultan, Alfreda, 97 Broad

Tendall, Juanita Mrs, 115 Pollock

Stanley Hospital was opened by Union troops who controlled New Bern during most of the Civil War

Foster Hospital was opened by Union troops who controlled New Bern during most of the Civil War

Foster Hospital, New Bern, North Carolina