Wilson County

Region: 
Coastal

Learn more about the history of nursing in Wilson County

Biographies

        * This family geneology provides information about Ms. Henrietta Colvert, RN, an early African

             American nurse in Wilson, NC. 

The same geneologists report some information about African American nurses Diana Artis, RN, Henrietta Colvert, RN and Gwendolyn Sykes, RN.


  • Pleasant Daniel Gold, papers found in the UNC Library system. Pleasant Daniel Gold was a male nurse during the Civil War.
  • Brief article by Wilson County Nurse Martha Newman published in the Journal of Public Health Nursing 1920, p.471
  • Annie E. Morris was born in 1867 and decided to become a nurse when the profession was still in its infancy. Training for the nursing profession in Wilson began in 1896 at the Wilson Sanatorium. She was a member of the first graduation class of 3 nurses in 1899 along with Effie Morris (Faratoro), Minne Oldham.  In 1913, Miss Annie Morris was employed as Superintendent of Nurses at Wilson Saniatarium, in which capacity she served until 1926.   “Miss Annie” as she was affectionately known, upheld precept and example very high standards for the students.  Her influence has been marked throughout the years.  She is still in the minds and hearts of those who knew her, a professional inspiration, and in a sense, a “public” saint.  Miss Annie, in addition to being Superintendent of Nurses, served as anesthetist, operating room supervisor, politician, housekeeper, purchasing agent and night supervisor.  She was on call twenty-four hours and she just did not find time for a vacation.   The senior nurses instructed the students in basic nursing procedure.  The doctors taught the technical and professional subjects in night classes.  Miss Annie taught, as the occasion arose, valuable lessons in manners, morals and personality.  The senior nurses instructed the students in basic nursing procedure.  The doctors taught the technical and professional subjects in night classes.  Miss Annie taught, as the occasion arose, valuable lessons in manners, morals and personality.  In 1926, Miss Annie Morris resigned as superintendent of nurses to become head of the infirmary at the East Carolina Teachers’ College at Greenville, North Carolina. 

Health Care Institutions

            No author, (1964) A history of the Carolina General Hospital and School of Nursing: 1920-1964"  published in Wilson, NC 1964 and found in the libraries of East Carolina University and Barton University.

Kirby, Sarah (196?)  The Hertiage: Moore Herring-Woodward Herring Hospital school of Nursing, 1914-1951, Wilson, NC.

A place of their own: the history of Mercy Hospital, Wilson, NC published by the Wilson NC Community Stories Project in 1996.  Below is a photograph of the early nurses and physicians at Mercy Hospital, taken around the 19- teens is in the Barton University Library.  An oral histories with nurse  Roxanna Exum, R.N. appears in the book.

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  • Rose, L. (1934) Facts about Wilson, NC. Wilson County Chamber of Commerce: Wilson, NC (information about the hospitals and the health department)..
  • Photograph of the Moore Herring Hospital in Wilson, NC
  • Photograph of Mercy Hospital (the local African American hospital until 1964) 
  • WILSON HOSPITAL AND TUBERCULAR HOME [MERCY HOSPITAL] - 504 East Green Street - 1913. One of three early black hospitals in the state, and the only remaining early hospital in Wilson. The grandeur of its two-story Neo-Classical Revival design is attributed to local architects Benton and Moore, and was repeated in the design of the Woodard-Herring Hospital. Wilson Hospital was known for its competent medical staff, including Doctor F.S. Hargrave, instrumental in its establishment. Financial hardship and the Depression plagued the hospital, and in 1964 the hospitals in Wilson consolidated and Mercy Hospital, as it had become known, closed. It has been renovated and is adaptively reused as a business incubator. The cruciform-plan building features a two-story portico with a beautifully executed Doric entablature. The central door is framed by multipaned sidelights and transom typical of the period.
  • Young, E.L. (1964).  A brief historical sketch of the Woodard Herring Hospital.  Wilson, NC : Board of Trustees, Woodard Herring Hospital..
  • Whitten, E.T. (1942) Our materia medica garden. American Journal of Nursing 42(5) p. 521
  • Information about the Wilson County Health Department from 1947, Hisotry of Wilson NC in NCNA.org 

Miscellaneous

  • Information about Civil War nursing in Wilson.